Chewing Gum Silhouette PNG Transparent Images

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Uploaded on on Sep 5, 2021


Chewing gum is a sticky, squishy substance that can be chewed but not swallowed. Modern chewing gum is made comprised of a gum base, sweeteners, softeners/plasticizers, flavors, colors, and, in most cases, a hard or powdered polyol coating. It has a rubber-like feel due to the physical-chemical properties of its polymer, plasticizer, and resin components, which contribute to its elastic-plastic, sticky, chewy features.

Gum chewing appears to have developed through a convergent evolution process, as evidence of this activity can be found in many early cultures. Each of the early chewing gum forerunners was made from local natural growths and was simply chewed to fulfill the inherent desire to masticate. Early chewers didn’t always seek nutritional benefits from their chewable, but they did want taste stimulation, teeth cleaning, or breath-freshening on occasion.

Since the Neolithic period, people have chewed gum in various forms. A 6,000-year-old chewing gum made from birch bark tar was discovered with teeth imprints in Kierikki, Finland. The tar used to manufacture the gums is claimed to have antibacterial properties as well as other medicinal properties. Its chemical structure is similar to that of petroleum tar, which sets it apart from most other early gums. The Mayans and Aztecs were the first to recognize the benefits of gum, utilizing chicle, a natural tree gum, as a base for creating a gum-like substance and for adhering objects together in everyday life. In Ancient Greece, chewing gum in different forms was highly popular. The Ancient Greeks chewed mastic gum, which is made from the resin of the mastic tree. Mastic gum is antimicrobial, similar to birch bark tar, and is considered to have been used to keep teeth clean. Mastic and chicle are two different types of tree resins. Many other cultures chewed gum-like substances derived from plants, grasses, and resins.


Despite the fact that chewing gum may be traced back to ancient cultures all across the world, it was created and popularised largely in the United States. To produce resin, American Indians chewed sap from spruce trees. New England immigrants took up the habit, and in 1848, John B. Curtis produced and distributed the first commercial chewing gum, The State of Maine Pure Spruce Gum. Through the First Americans, who had forgotten about tree gums, the industrializing West rediscovered chewing gum. Around 1850, a gum made from paraffin wax, a petroleum product, was developed, and it rapidly overtook spruce gum in popularity. The chewer would often sweeten these early gums with a bowl of powdered sugar, which they would dip the gum in repeatedly to keep it sweet. William Semple filed a patent for chewing gum with the number 98,304 on December 28, 1869.

In the 1860s, a pharmacist from Louisville, Kentucky, named John Colgan, created the first flavored chewing gum. Colgan mixed aromatic flavoring tolu, a powder derived from an extract of the balsam tree (Myroxylon), with powdered sugar to make tiny sticks of flavored chewing gum called “Taffy Tolu.”

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