Cotton Silhouette PNG Transparent Images

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Uploaded on on Sep 5, 2021

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Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that forms in a boll, or protective casing, around the seeds of cotton plants in the genus Gossypium, which belongs to the Malvaceae family of mallows. The fiber is almost entirely made up of cellulose. Cotton bolls will aid seed dispersion under natural settings.

The shrub may be found in tropical and subtropical locations all over the world, including the Americas, Africa, Egypt, and India. Mexico has the largest diversity of wild cotton species, followed by Australia and Africa. Cotton was domesticated independently in the Old and New Worlds.

Typically, the fiber is spun into yarn or thread and used to create a soft, breathable textile. Cotton has been used for fabric from prehistoric times, with bits of cotton fabric dating back to the fifth millennium BC discovered in the Indus Valley Civilization and fabric remains dating back to 6000 BC discovered in Peru. Cotton has been farmed since antiquity, but it wasn’t until the development of the cotton gin that it became widely utilized, and it is now the most frequently used natural fiber material in apparel.

Global output is estimated to be at 25 million tonnes or 110 million bales per year, representing 2.5 percent of the world’s arable land. India is the world’s largest cotton grower. For many years, the United States has been the leading exporter. Cotton is generally measured in bales in the United States, which are 0.48 cubic meters (17 cubic feet) and weigh 226.8 kg (500 pounds).

Cotton comes in four varieties, all of which were domesticated in antiquity:

Upland cotton, Gossypium hirsutum, is endemic to Central America, Mexico, the Caribbean, and southern Florida (90 percent of world production)

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Extra-long staple cotton, Gossypium barbadense, is a tropical South American native (8 percent of world production)

Tree cotton, Gossypium arboreum, is endemic to India and Pakistan (less than 2 percent )

Levant cotton, Gossypium herbaceum, is endemic to southern Africa and the Arabian Peninsula (less than 2 percent )

Hybrid variants are grown as well. Although the two New World cotton species account for the majority of contemporary cotton output, the two Old World cotton species were widely utilized prior to the 1900s. While cotton fibers come in a variety of hues, including white, brown, pink, and green, many cotton-growing regions have banned the cultivation of colored cotton types for fear of compromising the genetics of white cotton.

The term “cotton” is derived from the Arabic word “cotton” (quote or quantum). Cotton was commonly referred to like this in medieval Arabic. The term first appeared in Romance languages about the middle of the 12th century and then in English a century later. Cotton fabric was known to the ancient Romans as an import, but it was uncommon in Romance-speaking areas until imports from Arabic-speaking lands at much lower prices in the later medieval century.

At the Neolithic site of Mehrgarh, at the foot of the Bolan Pass in Balochistan, Pakistan, the oldest evidence of cotton use in the Old World, dated to 5500 BC and preserved in copper beads, was discovered.

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