G Letter Silhouette PNG Vector Transparent Images

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Uploaded on on Jun 17, 2021

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G or g is the seventh letter in ISO. Its English name is gee (pronounced / ˈdʒiː /), plural gees.

History

The letter “G” was introduced in ancient Latin as a variant of “C” to distinguish the sounds / ɡ / from those without the voice / k /. The recorded creator of “G” is freedman Spurius Carvilius Ruga, the first Roman to open a fee-paying school, which he taught around 230 BC. During that period, “K” had fallen out of favor, and “C,” which had previously been represented by both / ɡ / and / k / before the open vowels, had come to express / k / in all environments.

Ruga’s positioning with “G” shows that the alphabetic order of the values ​​of the letters as Greek numbers was a problem even in the third century BC. According to some records, the seventh original letter “Z” had been purged from the Latin alphabet. A little earlier in the third century BC. NE From the Roman censor Appius Claudius, who finds it unpleasant and alien. Sampson (1985) suggests that: “Obviously, the order of the alphabet felt like something so specific that a new letter could only be added in the middle of a ‘space’ was created by giving up an old letter.” The addition of the letter G to the Roman alphabet from the 3rd century BC credited to Spurius Carvilius Ruga.

George Hempl suggested in 1899 that there had never been such a “space” in the alphabet and that “G” was, in fact, a direct descendant of zeta. Zeta took figures like in some of the Old Italic scriptures; the development of the monumental “G” of this form would be exactly parallel to the development of the “C” gamma. He suggests that the pronunciation / k /> / ɡ / was due to similar-looking “K” contamination.

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Finally, both velar consonants (k) and / ɡ / develop palatalized allophones before the front vowels; therefore, in today’s Romance languages, ⟨c⟩ and ⟨g⟩ have different sound values ​​depending on the context (known as hard and soft C and hard and soft G). Due to French influence, English spelling shares this feature.

Typographic variants

The modern lowercase letter “g” has two typographic variants: “g” with one floor (sometimes open tail) and “g” with two floors (sometimes loop). The one-storey shape derives from the large (main) shape, raising the serif, which distinguishes it from the “c” to the top of the loop, thus closing the loop and extending the vertical stroke down and to the left. The two-story shape (g) developed in a similar way, except that some ornate shapes continue to tailback to the right and back to the left, forming a closed bowl or loop. The initial extension to the left was absorbed in the closed upper bowl. The two-tiered version became popular when printing switched to the “Roman type” because the tail was actually shorter, allowing more lines to be placed on a page. In the two-storey version, a small top stroke in the upper right corner, which often ends in orb shape, is called an “ear.”

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