J Letter Silhouette PNG Vector Transparent Images

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Uploaded on on Jun 17, 2021


J or j is the tenth letter of the modern English alphabet and the basic Latin alphabet ISO. Its common English name is jay (pronounced / ˈdʒeɪ /), with an already unusual variant jy / ˈdʒaɪ /. When used in the International Phonetic Alphabet for the sound y, it can be called yod or jod (pronounced / ˈjɒd / or / ˈjoʊd /).

The letter J used as the swash letter I, used for the letter I at the end of the Roman numerals, followed by another I, as in XXIIJ or xxiij instead of XXIII or xxiii for the Roman numeral representing 23. The distinctive usage emerged in Middle High German. Gian Giorgio Trissino (1478-1550) was the first to explicitly distinguish between I and J as representing separate sounds in Ɛpistola del Trissino de le lettere nuωvamente added to the Italian language (Trissino’s message on recently added letters in Italian language”) from 1524. Initially, “I” and “J” were different forms for the same letter, both representing the same / i /, / iː / and / j /; however, Romance languages ​​developed new sounds (from the former / j / and / ɡ /) that began to appear as “I” and “J”; therefore, English J, acquired from French J, has a sound value quite different from / j / (which represents the original sound in the English word “yet”).



In English, ⟨j⟩ is most often the affix / dʒ /. In Old English, the phoneme / dʒ / is written with ⟨cg⟩ and ⟨cȝ⟩. Influenced by Old French, which had a similar phoneme derived from Latin / j /, English writers began to use ⟨i⟩ (later ⟨j⟩) to represent the original word / dʒ / in Old English (for example,iest and, later jest),while using ⟨dg⟩ elsewhere (e.g., hedge). Many other uses of ⟨i⟩ (later ⟨j⟩) were later added to borrowings from French and other languages ​​(e.g., Attach, junta). The first book in English, which makes a clear distinction between ⟨i⟩ and ⟨j⟩, was published in 1633. In borrowed words such as raj, ⟨j⟩ may represent / ʒ /. In some of them, including raj, Azerbaijan, Taj Mahal, and Beijing, the usual pronunciation / dʒ / is actually closer to the native pronunciation, which makes the use of / ʒ / an example of hyperforeignism. Sometimes ⟨j⟩ represents the original sound / j /, as in Hallelujah and fjord (see Yodh for details). In words of Spanish origin, where ⟨j⟩ is the silent velar fricative (such as jalapeño), English speakers usually approach the silent glottal fricative / h /.

Pronunciation of written ⟨j⟩ in European languages

Most Germanic languages, such as German, Dutch, Icelandic, Swedish, Danish and Norwegian, use ⟨j⟩ for the palatal approximant / j /, which is usually represented by the letter ⟨y⟩ in English. Notable exceptions are English, Scots and (to a lesser extent) Luxembourgish. ⟨J⟩ also means / j / in Albanian and those Uralic, Slavic and Baltic languages ​​that use the Latin alphabet, such as Hungarian, Finnish, Estonian, Polish, Czech, Serbo-Croatian, Slovak, Latvian and Lithuanian. Some related languages, such as Serbo-Croatian and Macedonian, have also adopted ⟨j C in Cyrillic for the same purpose. Due to this standard, the lowercase letter was chosen to be used in IPA as a phonetic symbol for sound.

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