Penguin Silhouette PNG Transparent Images

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Uploaded on on Jul 16, 2021

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Penguins are a genus of flightless aquatic birds. Only one species, the Galápagos penguin, is found north of the Equator, and it lives nearly entirely in the Southern Hemisphere. Penguins have countershaded dark and white plumage and flippers for swimming, making them well-adapted to live in the sea. The majority of penguins eat krill, fish, squid, and other marine creatures that they catch while swimming underwater. They dwell on land for about half of their life and in the water for the other half.

Despite the fact that virtually all penguin species are native to the Southern Hemisphere, they are not restricted to frigid regions such as Antarctica. In reality, just a few penguin species can be found thus far south. The temperate zone is home to several species, although one, the Galápagos penguin, dwells near the Equator.

The emperor penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri) is the world’s biggest living animal; adults stand around 1.1 m (3 ft 7 in) tall and weigh 35 kg (77 lb). The little blue penguin (Eudyptula minor), commonly known as the fairy penguin, is the smallest penguin species, at roughly 33 cm (13 in) tall and weighing 1 kilogram (2.2 lb). Larger penguins prefer colder temperatures, whereas smaller penguins prefer moderate or even tropical conditions.

Some prehistoric animals grew to gigantic proportions, reaching heights and weights comparable to adult humans. These were not limited to Antarctica; in fact, subantarctic regions had a lot of diversity, and at least one gigantic penguin was found about 2,000 km south of the Equator 35 million years ago, in a temperature that was much warmer than now.

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The name penguin was initially used as a synonym for the big auk in the 16th century. When European explorers found what are now known as penguins in the Southern Hemisphere, they recognized their resemblance to the Northern Hemisphere’s great auk and called them after it, despite the fact that the two birds are not closely related.

The word’s origin is still a point of contention. The English term occurs first in English or Dutch, not in French, Breton, or Spanish (the latter two are linked to the French word pingouin “auk”).

Some dictionaries, including the Oxford English Dictionary, the American Heritage Dictionary, the Century Dictionary, and Merriam-Webster, suggest a derivation from Welsh pen, “head,” and gwyn, “white,” on the basis that the name was originally applied to the great auk, either because it was found on White Head Island (Welsh: Pen Gwyn) in Newfoundland, or because it had white circles around its eyes (though the head was black).

Another derivation connects the term to the Latin pinguis, which meaning “fat” or “oil.” The alternate Germanic name for penguin, fettgans or “fat-goose,” and the related Dutch term vetgans, also support this derivation.

Adult male penguins are referred to as cocks, while females are referred to as hens; a group of penguins on land is referred to as a waddle, while a group of penguins in the water is referred to as a raft.

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