R Letter Silhouette PNG Vector Transparent Images

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Uploaded on on Jun 17, 2021

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The eighteenth letter of the contemporary English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet is R, or r. Its English name is ar (pronounced /r/), plural ars, or /r/ in Ireland.

Antiquity

The word prognatus (280 BC) on the Sarcophagus of Lucius Cornelius Scipio Barbatus displays the full evolution of the Latin R by that time, but the letter P preserves its archaic form, differentiating it from Greek or Old Italic rho.
An Egyptian hieroglyph for tp, “head,” may have influenced the original Semitic letter. Semites used it for /r/ since the word for “head” in their language was rê (also the name of the letter). It became the Greek ” (rhô) and the Latin R.

The descending diagonal stroke appears as a graphic variant in some Western Greek alphabets (writing rho as Greek Rho 03.svg), but it was not adopted in most Old Italic alphabets; most Old Italic alphabets show rho variants between a “P” and a “D” shape, but without the Western Greek descending stroke. Indeed, the first known variants of the Latin alphabet, seen in the Duenos and Forum inscriptions from the 7th to 6th century BC, continue to write r with the “P” shape of the letter. Around 500 BC, the Lapis Satricanus inscription depicts the Latin alphabet in its current form. The rounded, closing form of the p and the rounded, closing form of the r have become difficult to discern in this instance. The descending stroke of the Latin letter R had fully formed by the 3rd century BC, as evidenced by inscriptions from the Tomb of Scipios sarcophagus. Since approximately 50 AD, the letter P has been written with its loop completely closed, resembling the shape of the letter R.

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Cursive

An example of the usage of r rotunda in English blackletter printing from the 18th century.

Luca Pacioli’s letter R from the alphabet, in De divina proportione (1509). Several variants on the capital form (r) resulted in the tiny (lowercase) form (r). It evolved from Roman cursive via Late Antiquity’s uncial script into Carolingian minuscule in the 9th century, as did Latin minuscule writing in general.

In handwriting, it was standard practice to continue into the leg rather than closing the bottom of the loop, thereby saving a pen stroke. The loop-leg stroke was reduced to a single arc, which was employed in Carolingian minuscule and is still used today.

In the sequence or, a calligraphic minuscule r known as r rotunda () was employed, with the r bent to fit the bulge of the o (as in o rather than or). Later, the same variation was employed to write the geminate rr (as ) and to follow other lower case letters with a rounded loop towards the right (such as b, h, and p). The graphic r rotunda was mainly associated with blackletter typefaces, and it was generally phased out of use in English language settings by the 18th century, along with blackletter fonts.

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