Sheep Silhouette PNG Transparent Images

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Uploaded on on Jul 16, 2021

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Sheep (Ovis aries) are ruminant quadrupedal animals that are commonly maintained as livestock. Sheep, like other ruminants, belong to the Artiodactyla, or even-toed ungulates, order. Although the term sheep refers to a variety of animals of the genus Ovis, it is usually generally used to refer to Ovis aries in common usage. Domestic sheep are the most prevalent species of sheep, with a population of little over one billion. Adult females are called ewes (/ju/), intact males are called rams, occasionally tups, castrated males are called wethers, and young sheep are called lambs.

Sheep are most likely derived from Europe’s and Asia’s wild mouflons, with Iran serving as a geographic boundary for the domestication core. Sheep are farmed for fleeces, meat (lamb, hogget, or mutton), and milk. They were one of the first animals to be domesticated for agricultural reasons. Shearing is the most common method of harvesting sheep’s wool, which is the most frequently used animal fiber.

In Commonwealth nations, ovine meat is referred to as lamb when it comes from younger animals and mutton when it comes from older animals, and lamb in the United States (including from adults). Sheep are still essential for wool and meat, and are infrequently bred for pelts, as dairy animals, or as scientific model organisms.

Sheep husbandry is practiced in the majority of the world’s populated areas, and it has played an important role in the development of many civilizations. In the current period, sheep production is most closely connected with Australia, New Zealand, the southern and central South American states, and the British Isles.

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Sheep husbandry has a vast lexicon of distinct words that varies greatly by area and accent. The word sheep was first used in Middle English as a derivative of the Old English word scap; it is the animal’s single and plural name. A flock is a collection of sheep. There are a slew of additional words for sheep’s different life phases, most of which are connected to lambing, shearing, and aging.

Sheep have a profoundly ingrained role in human society, and are represented in many modern language and symbolism as a significant animal in the history of farming. Sheep are frequently linked with pastoral, Arcadian images as livestock. Sheep appear in numerous myths and religions, particularly in Abrahamic faiths, such as the Golden Fleece. Sheep are employed as sacrifice animals in both ancient and modern religious rituals.

It’s difficult to trace the exact line of ancestry between domestic sheep and their wild forebears. The most widely held belief is that Ovis aries is a descendant of the Asiatic mouflon (Ovis gmelini). Sheep were one of the earliest animals to be domesticated by humans (although dogs may have been domesticated more than 20,000 years earlier); the domestication date in Mesopotamia is believed to be between 11,000 and 9,000 B.C., and maybe around 7,000 B.C. in Mehrgarh in the Indus Valley. Sheep husbandry for secondary goods, as well as the breed development that resulted, started in either southwest Asia or western Europe.

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