Turkey Bird Silhouette PNG Transparent Images

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Uploaded on on Jul 16, 2021

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The turkey is a big North American bird belonging to the genus Meleagris. The wild turkey of eastern and central North America and the ocellated turkey of Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula are the two existing turkey species. The males of both turkey species have a snood, which is a fleshy wattle that hangs from the top of the beak. In their ranges, they are among the biggest birds. The male is larger and more colorful than the female, as is the case with many large ground-feeding birds (order Galliformes).

Turkeys developed about 20 million years ago in North America, and they share a recent common ancestor with grouse, pheasants, and other fowl.

In ancient Mexico, turkeys were cultivated for food as well as for their cultural and symbolic value. The Aztecs, for example, gave the turkey a name: wueh-xl-tl (guajolote in Spanish), which is still used in contemporary Mexico alongside the generic term pavo. Spanish chroniclers such as Bernal Daz del Castillo and Father Bernardino de Sahagn describe the variety of food (raw fruits and vegetables as well as prepared dishes) available in Tenochtitlán’s vast markets (tianguis), mentioning turkey tamales, iguana tamales, chocolate, vegetables, fruits, and more. Not only had the ancient Mexicans tamed the turkey, but they had also devised sophisticated dishes using these items, many of which are being utilized today.

In residential settings, turkeys have been known to be hostile toward humans and pets. Wild turkeys have a social structure and pecking order, and habituated birds may react to humans and animals in the same way as they react to other turkeys. People who are perceived as subordinates by habituated turkeys may seek to control or harm them.

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The municipality of Brookline, Massachusetts, advises residents to approach the turkeys aggressively, taking a step forward and not backing down. “Making noise (clanging pots or other things together); opening an umbrella; yelling and flailing your arms; squirting them with a hose; letting your leashed dog to bark at them; and violently fending them off with a broom,” according to Brookline officials.

Both intersexual and intrasexual selection are aided by the snood. Male wild turkeys defer to males with longer snoods during dyadic interactions, while captive female wild turkeys prefer to mate with long-snooded males. These findings were demonstrated utilizing both real men and artificially controlled male models. The parasite burdens of free-ranging wild turkeys indicated a negative connection between snood length and intestinal coccidia infection, which are harmful protozoan parasites. This suggests that in the wild, females favored long-snooded males, whereas males avoided them, were resistant to coccidial infection.

Humans consume the Meleagris gallopavo species. The indigenous peoples of Mexico were the first to domesticate them, dating back to at least 800 BC. By 200 BC, these domesticates had either been brought into what is now the United States Southwest or had been domesticated independently for the second time by the indigenous peoples of that region, first for their feathers, which were utilized in rituals and to produce robes and blankets.

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